The China Media Group released on Monday its list of this year’s top 10 science and technology news from around the world. It includes major events and breakthroughs, such as the availability of the FAST telescope to global scientists, China-Russia cooperation on international moon base and workings of AI system AlphaFold. Here’s the list.
1. Kunming Declaration adopted at COP15
The first part of the COP15 UN Biodiversity Conference was held from October 11 to 15 in southwest China’s Kunming City. The conference saw the adoption of the Kunming Declaration. It commits to securing an effective post-2020 global biodiversity framework, reversing the current loss of biodiversity, and ensuring that biodiversity is put on a path to recovery by 2030.
2. AI system AlphaFold predicts how proteins fold to get their 3D shapes
An AI system has solved a 50-year-old protein folding problem in hours. AlphaFold, created by DeepMind, can rapidly and accurately predict how proteins fold to get their 3D shapes. This complex problem had troubled researchers for decades. The breakthrough will help scientists design drugs and understand diseases.
3. Scientists publish the largest-ever 3D map of the universe
Global astrophysicists published the largest-ever 3D map of the universe in July. The map relies on the latest observations of a 20-year long project called the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. It reveals a complete expansion history of the universe over billions of years.
4. China and Russia team up on international moon base
China and Russia revealed their road map for a joint International Lunar Research Station (ILRS) in June. The plan guides their collaboration and development in the project. Chinese and Russian space officials noted that the ILRS might involve other stakeholders, other countries and private organizations.
5. China’s FAST telescope opens to global scientists
China’s Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope (FAST), the world’s largest single-dish radio telescope, opened to global scientists and began accepting observation applications from astronomers starting from March 31.
6. NASA’s Perseverance rover lands on Mars
Perseverance, the biggest, most advanced rover ever sent into orbit by NASA, became the ninth U.S. spacecraft to successfully land on Mars in February. The six-wheeled rover had survived its perilous descent and arrived within its target zone inside Jezero Crater, a 45-kilometer-wide basin located on the planet’s northern hemisphere.
7. China’s antiviral medicine for COVID-19 gains international recognition
The Institute of Microbiology under the Chinese Academy of Sciences has developed an antiviral medicine for COVID-19, called JS016. The medication has been used for emergency treatment both domestically and overseas.
8. China builds world’s first integrated quantum communication network
Chinese researchers have made a crucial breakthrough in quantum communication, boosting the future development of secure satellite-based long-distance and global quantum communication networks. The network enabled the direct transmission of confidential information among the users connected by the network for the first time.
9. German physicists create world’s smallest microsupercapacitor
German scientists have developed what they say is the smallest microsupercapacitor in the world. Measured 0.001 cubic millimeters, the microsupercapacitor is being used in artificial blood vessels and can be used as an energy source for a tiny sensor system to measure pH.
10. Scientists make accurate measures of the first black hole detected
Astronomers from China, the U.S. and Australia have reported new observations on the first black hole ever detected, according to research published in February. Named Cygnus X-1, the black hole system contains a stellar-mass black hole with a 21 solar mass that rotates at a speed close to the speed of light, according to the study.
(CGTN’s Guo Meiping and Yu Peng contributed to the story.)